People/Web Search Calendar Emergency Info A-Z Index UVA Email University of Virginia

Computer Science Colloquia

Monday, September 22, 2014
Devika Pisharoty
Adviser: Kamin Whitehouse
Attending Faculty: Mary Lou Soffa (Chair), Yanjun (Jane Qi), and Kevin Sullivan

4:00 PM, Rice Hall, Rm. 204

Master's Thesis Presentation
ThermoCoach: A study of occupancy-based schedule-recommendations on energy costs and user comfort

ABSTRACT

The largest portion of a home's energy consumption is attributed to its Heating, Ventilation and Cooling system(HVAC). Since the early 1900s, programmable thermostats have been studied as a potential tool to achieve energy savings in the home. However, studies have shown that conventional programmable thermostats are not used to their full potential due to several factors- difficult to use interfaces, lack of knowledge of working of HVACs and fading interaction with the thermostats with time. To overcome this, `Smart' thermostats detect the occupancy trends of a home and auto-generate schedules; thus eliminating the need for users to program their thermostats. Studies indicate that feedback of energy consumption has the potential to keep homeowners engaged with the energy usage in their homes and motivates them to take action to reduce energy consumption. This thesis presents ThermoCoach- An occupancy-based self-programming thermostat with eco-feedback. ThermoCoach uses occupancy sensors to detect occupancy patterns of a home and generates customized recommendations of thermostat schedules for a home. Schedule recommendations are provided to users through an online interface. ThermoCoach is evaluated against conventional programmable thermostats and the Nest Learning thermostat. For this pilot study, sensing systems were installed in 39 homes for a period of three months. Energy savings from ThermoCoach's recommendations were found to be statistically significant. Results indicate that ThermoCoach reduces energy usage between 2%-5% over conventional thermostats while the Nest thermostat increases energy usage between 5%-7%