People/Web Search Calendar Emergency Info A-Z Index UVA Email University of Virginia

Computer Science Colloquia

Wednesday, October 22, 2014
William "Chip" Levy

Host: Worthy Martin

3:30 PM, Rice Hall, Rm. 130 (Auditorium)

Defining Neural Computation Through Optimization Results

ABSTRACT
Using the optimizing nature of natural selection and half a billion years of animal evolution, one can expect that microscopic neural processes are optimal. Just a few such optimization results are known but these results all support minimizing the energy cost of communication and computation. However, under pervasive, simplifying assumptions, a neuron, described by the signal transformation it performs, seems far, far from optimal >108 times the limit set by statistical thermodynamics. Here we re-analyze and re-interpret neuronal physiology, carefully distinguishing communication costs within a neuron from computational costs, and arrive at a new definition of microscopic neuronal computation. This distinction reveals that communication accounts for most of the extremely large costs (99.91%). As a result of this reanalysis, one aspect of computation is predicted to occur near the best possible Joules per bit limit set by physics.

Bio: Professor William "Chip" Levy is faculty in the Department of Neurological Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Virginia and is Director of the Laboratory of Systems Neurodynamics (see: http://faculty.virginia.edu/levylab/).